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Temperature and metal exposure affect membrane fatty acid composition and transcription of desaturases and elongases in fathead minnow muscle and brain.

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Fadhlaoui, Mariem; Pierron, Fabien; Couture, Patrice (2018). Temperature and metal exposure affect membrane fatty acid composition and transcription of desaturases and elongases in fathead minnow muscle and brain. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety , vol. 148 . p. 632-643. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.10.040.

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Résumé

In this study, we tested the hypothesis that metal exposure affected the normal thermal response of cell membrane FA composition and of elongase and desaturase gene transcription levels. To this end, muscle and brain membrane FA composition and FA desaturase (fads2, degs2 and scd2) and elongase (elovl2, elovl5 and elovl6) gene transcription levels were analyzed in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) acclimated for eight weeks to 15, 25 or 30 °C exposed or not to cadmium (Cd, 6 μg/l) or nickel (Ni, 450 6 μg/l). The response of membrane FA composition to temperature variations or metal exposure differed between muscle and brain. In muscle, an increase of temperature induced a decrease of polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) and an increase of saturated FA (SFA) in agreement with the current paradigm. Although a similar response was observed in brain between 15 and 25 °C, at 30 °C, brain membrane unsaturation was higher than predicted. In both tissues, metal exposure affected the normal thermal response of membrane FA composition. The transcription of desaturases and elongases was higher in the brain and varied with acclimation temperature and metal exposure but these variations did not generally reflect changes in membrane FA composition. The mismatch between gene transcription and membrane composition highlights that several levels of control other than gene transcription are involved in adjusting membrane FA composition, including post-transcriptional regulation of elongases and desaturases and de novo phospholipid biosynthesis. Our study also reveals that metal exposure affects the mechanisms involved in adjusting cell membrane FA composition in ectotherms.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: cell membranes; temperature; metals; fatty acids; desaturases; elongases
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 12 févr. 2018 20:59
Dernière modification: 12 févr. 2018 20:59
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6571

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