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Chemical and biological conversion of crude glycerol derived from waste cooking oil to biodiesel.

Chen, Jiaxin; Yan, Song; Zhang, Xiaolei; Tyagi, Rajeshwar Dayal; Surampalli, Rao Y.; Valéro, José R. (2018). Chemical and biological conversion of crude glycerol derived from waste cooking oil to biodiesel. Waste Management , vol. 71 . p. 164-175. DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2017.10.044.

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Résumé

In this study, crude, purified, and pure glycerol were used to cultivate Trichosporon oleaginosus for lipid production which was then used as feedstock of biodiesel production. The purified glycerol was obtained from crude glycerol by removing soap with addition of H₃PO₄ which converted soap to free fatty acids and then separated from the solution. The results showed that purified glycerol provided similar performance as pure glycerol in lipid accumulation; however, crude glycerol as carbon source had negatively impacted the lipid production of T. oleaginosus. Purified glycerol was later used to determine the optimal glycerol concentration for lipid production. The highest lipid yield 0.19 g/g glycerol was obtained at 50 g/L purified glycerol in which the biomass concentration and lipid content were 10.75 g/L and 47% w/w, respectively. An energy gain of 4150.51 MJ could be obtained with 1 tonne of the crude glycerol employed for biodiesel production through the process proposed in this study. The biodiesel production cost estimated was 6.32 US $/gal. Fatty acid profiles revealed that C16:0 and C18:1 were the major compounds of the biodiesel from the lipid produced by T. oleaginosus cultivated with crude and purified glycerol. The study found that purified glycerol was promising carbon source for biodiesel production.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: crude glycerol; energy; lipid accumulation; biodiesel
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 12 févr. 2018 20:53
Dernière modification: 12 févr. 2018 20:53
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6566

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