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Removal of atrazine and its by-products from water using electrochemical advanced oxidation processes.

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Komtchou, Simon; Dirany, Ahmad; Drogui, Patrick; Robert, Didier; Lafrance, Pierre (2017). Removal of atrazine and its by-products from water using electrochemical advanced oxidation processes. Water Research , vol. 125 . p. 91-103. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2017.08.036.

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Résumé

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Atrazine (ATZ) is one of the most common pesticides detected in surface water in Quebec (Canada). The present study was mainly focused on the degradation of ATZ and its by-products using electrochemical advanced oxidation processes such as photo-electro-Fenton (PEF), electro-Fenton (EF) and anodic-oxidation with simultaneous H2O2 formation (AO - H2O2). The comparison of these processes showed that PEF process was found to be the most effective process in removing ATZ and its by-products from both synthetic solution (ATZ0 = 100 μg L−1) and real agricultural surface water enriched with ATZ (ATZ0 = 10 μg L−1). Different operating parameters, including wavelength of the light, pH, current density and the presence of natural organic matter (humic acids) were investigated for PEF process using boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode and graphite cathode. The current density and the wavelength of the light were the most important parameters in the ATZ degradation efficiency. The best operating conditions were recorded for the synthetic samples at a current density of 18.2 mA cm−2, a pH of 3.0 and treatment time of 45 min. Results showed that atrazine-desethyl-desisopropyl (DEDIA) was the most important by-product recorded. More than 99% of ATZ oxidation was recorded after 15 min of treatment and all the concentrations of major by-products were less than the limit of detection after 45 min of treatment. The PEF process was also tested for real surface water contaminated by ATZ: i) with and without addition of iron; ii) without pH adjustment (pH ∼ 6.7) and with pH adjustment (pH ∼ 3.1). In spite of the presence of radical scavenger and iron complexation the PEF process was more effective to remove ATZ from real surface water when the pH value was adjusted near to 3.0. The ATZ removal was 96.0% with 0.01 mM of iron (kapp = 0.13 min−1) and 100% with 0.1 mM of iron (kapp = 0.17 min−1).

Type de document: Article
Informations complémentaires: Résumé avec symboles
Mots-clés libres: atrazine; degradation; photoelectro-Fenton; dydroxyl radicals; energy consumption
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 16 févr. 2018 22:18
Dernière modification: 18 févr. 2018 10:10
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6333

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