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Main stem movement of Atlantic salmon parr in response to high river temperature.

Dugdale, Stephen J.; Franssen, Jan; Corey, Emily; Bergeron, Normand; Lapointe, Michel; Cunjak, Richard A. (2015). Main stem movement of Atlantic salmon parr in response to high river temperature. Ecology of Freshwater Fish , vol. 25 , nº 3. p. 429-445. DOI: 10.1111/eff.12224.

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Résumé

Atlantic salmon become thermally stressed when water temperatures exceed 23 °C. To alleviate this stress, they behaviourally thermoregulate by moving to patches of cold water, often forming large aggregations. These patches are known as thermal refuges. Given the consensus that climate change will increase temperatures in Atlantic salmon catchments, thermal refuges will become increasingly important in minimising summer mortalities. While the behaviour of salmonids within thermal refuges is fairly well understood, less is known about their main stem movement in search of thermal refuges or its thermal and temporal cues. We detail the results of a PIT telemetry study to investigate the main stem movement behaviour of thermally stressed Atlantic salmon parr in a temperature-impacted river. PIT antennas placed around two thermal refuges and at the upstream and downstream limits of their surrounding reach were used to record the movement of salmonids during a heatwave. We observed parr movement at the upstream and downstream antennas 135 min prior to the occurrence of the midpoint of aggregations in the thermal refuges, indicating that Atlantic salmon parr make reach-scale movements in search of cool water prior to aggregating. Logistic regression showed that the number of degree hours >28 °C predicted the occurrence of main stem movement with a good degree of accuracy, indicating that this temperature represents a fundamental threshold causing Atlantic salmon parr to move towards cool water. Such data could be instrumental in allowing river managers to place limits on human activity within rivers, allowing salmon populations time to recover following heat stress events.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Atlantic salmon; heat stress; movement; thermal refuge; water temperature
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 02 mai 2018 20:06
Dernière modification: 02 mai 2018 20:06
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6315

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