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Association between lifetime alcohol consumption and prostate cancer risk: A case-control study in Montreal, Canada

Demoury, Claire; Karakiewicz, Pierre I; Parent, Marie-Élise (2016). Association between lifetime alcohol consumption and prostate cancer risk: A case-control study in Montreal, Canada Cancer Epidemiology , vol. 45 . p. 11-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.canep.2016.09.004.

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Résumé

Background: Alcohol intake may increase the risk of prostate cancer (PCa). Many previous studies harbored important methodological limitations.

Methods: We conducted a population-based case-control study of PCa comprising 1933 cases and 1994 controls in Montreal, Canada. Lifetime alcohol consumption was elicited, by type of beverage, during in-person interviews. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) assessed the association between alcohol intake and PCa risk, adjusting for potential confounders and considering the subjects' PCa screening history.

Results: We observed a weak, non-significant positive association between high consumption of total alcohol over the lifetime and risk of high-grade PCa (OR = 1.18, 95% CI 0.81-1.73). Risk estimates were more pronounced among current drinkers (OR = 1.40, 95% CI 1.00-1.97), particularly after adjusting for the timing of last PCa screening (OR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.07-2.16). These associations were largely driven by beer consumption. The OR for high-grade PCa associated with high beer intake was 1.37 (95% CI 1.00-1.89); it was 1.49 (95% CI 0.99-2.23) among current drinkers and 1.68 (95% CI 1.10-2.57) after adjusting for screening recency. High cumulative consumption of spirits was associated with a lower risk of low-grade PCa (OR = 0.75, 95% CI 0.60-0.94) but the risk estimate no longer achieved statistical significance when restricting to current users. No association was found for wine consumption.

Conclusion: Findings add to the accumulating evidence that high alcohol consumption increases the risk of high-grade PCa. This association largely reflected beer intake in our population, and was strengthened when taking into account PCa screening history.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Alcohol; Case-control; Etiology; Prostate cancer
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 22 févr. 2019 16:23
Dernière modification: 22 févr. 2019 16:23
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5496

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