Dépôt numérique
RECHERCHER

Complement component 3 regulates IFN-α production by plasmacytoid dendritic cells following TLR7 activation by a plant virus-like nanoparticle

Lebel, Marie-Ève; Langlois, Marie-Pierre; Daudelin, Jean-François; Tarrab, Esther; Savard, Pierre; Leclerc, Denis; Lamarre, Alain (2017). Complement component 3 regulates IFN-α production by plasmacytoid dendritic cells following TLR7 activation by a plant virus-like nanoparticle Journal of Immunology , vol. 198 , nº 1. p. 292-299. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1601271.

[img]
Prévisualisation
PDF (Le document est disponible en version article soumis dans la thèse à partir de la page 121 à l’adresse URL suivante : http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5109) - Image de couverture
Télécharger (175kB) | Prévisualisation

Résumé

The increasing use of plant viruses for the development of new vaccines and immunotherapy approaches poses questions regarding the mechanism by which the mammalian immune system recognizes these viruses. For example, although natural Abs (NA) and complement are key components of the innate immune system involved in the opsonization, phagocytosis, and destruction of microorganisms infecting mammals, their implication in plant virus recognition and immunogenicity is not well defined. In this study, we address the involvement of NA and the complement system in the activation of innate immunity through engagement of TLR7 with papaya mosaic virus (PapMV)-like nanoparticles. We demonstrate that NA, although binding to PapMV, are not involved in its recognition by the immune system. On the other hand, C3 strongly binds to PapMV nanoparticles and its depletion significantly reduces PapMV's interaction with immune cells. Unexpectedly, however, we observed increased immune cell activation following administration of PapMV to complement-depleted mice. TLR7 activation by PapMV in the absence of C3 induced higher IFN-α production, resulting in superior immune cell activation and increased immunotherapeutic properties. In conclusion, in this study we established the involvement of the complement system in the recognition and the phagocytosis of PapMV nanoparticles and identified an unsuspected role for C3 in regulating the production of IFN-α following TLR7 activation. Copyright

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 26 juin 2017 20:38
Dernière modification: 26 juin 2017 20:38
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5397

Actions (Identification requise)

Modifier la notice Modifier la notice