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Electrocoagulation of bio-filtrated landfill leachate: Fractionation of organic matter and influence of anode materials.

Dia, Oumar; Drogui, Patrick; Buelna, Gerardo; Dubé, Rino; Ihsen, Ben Salah (2017). Electrocoagulation of bio-filtrated landfill leachate: Fractionation of organic matter and influence of anode materials. Chemosphere , vol. 168 . p. 1136-1141. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.10.092.

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Résumé

Electrocoagulation (EC) was employed to treat residual organic matter from a landfill leachate pretreated by an aerated bio-filter system. Organic matter (humic acids (HA), fulvic acids (FA) and hydrophilic compounds (Hyl)) was fractionated using DAX-8 resin in order to estimate the efficiency of EC on each fraction. Initial characterization of the bio-filtrated landfill leachate showed that humic substances (HA + FA) represented nearly 90% of TOC. The effects of current densities, type of anode (Aluminum versus iron), and treatment time on the performance of COD removal were investigated. The best COD removal performances were recorded at a current density ranging between 8.0 and 10 mA cm⁻² during 20 min of treatment time. Under these conditions, 70% and 65% of COD were removed using aluminum and iron electrodes, respectively. The fractionating of organic matter after EC treatment revealed that HA was completely removed using either aluminum or iron anode. However, FA and Hyl fractions were partially removed, with the percentages varying from 57 to 60% and 37–46%, respectively. FA and Hyl removal were quite similar using either aluminum or iron anode. Likewise, a significant decrease in 254-nm absorbance was recorded (UV₂₅₄ removal of 79–80%) using either type of anode. These results proved that EC is a suitable and efficient approach for treating the residual refractory organic matter from a landfill leachate previously treated by a biological system.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: landfill leachate; electrocoagulation; humic acids; fulvic acids; bio-filtration
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 16 juin 2017 17:50
Dernière modification: 16 juin 2017 17:50
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/5164

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