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Bivariate Drought Frequency Analysis in The Medjerda River Basin, Tunisia.

Hamdi, Yasser; Chebana, Fateh; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J. (2016). Bivariate Drought Frequency Analysis in The Medjerda River Basin, Tunisia. Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering , vol. 6 , nº 3. p. 1000227. DOI: 10.4172/2165-784X.1000227.

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Résumé

The climatology provides, for a given location or region, the time series of drought strength, the number, the mean duration, and the maximum duration of droughts of a given intensity. Similarly to most hydrological phenomena, droughts are characterized by a number of features such as their severity, duration and magnitude. Multivariate drought characterization has not been carried out in the various regions of the African continent despite the disastrous environmental, economic and social impacts of droughts. In the present paper, drought characteristics are modeled jointly in a multivariate frequency analysis (FA) framework for a data set from the Medjerda River, the principal watercourse in Tunisia. To identify drought events, the adopted threshold levels are estimated using the Flow Duration Curve (FDC) method. A sensitivity analysis to the threshold level is conducted. Results indicate that the drought features are significantly dependent and should be considered simultaneously for effective and rational modeling. Frank copula is shown to be the most appropriate copula model to represent drought features for the considered data set. The joint probabilities and bivariate return periods, based on the developed two dimensional copula models, are estimated in order to evaluate the contribution and advantages of bivariate modeling of droughts. These results are of practical relevance to hydrologists and water resources managers in Tunisia for applications in drought risk analysis and drought management, and in general for the optimal planning and management of water resources systems.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: copula; duration; drought characteristics; multivariate frequency analysis; Medjerda river basin; severity; Tunisia
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 03 mai 2018 15:50
Dernière modification: 03 mai 2018 15:50
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4694

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