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Neighborhood Characteristics Associated with the Availability of Alcohol Outlets in Quebec, Canada

Ngamini Ngui, André; Apparicio, Philippe; Philibert, Mathieu D; Fleury, Marie-Josée (2015). Neighborhood Characteristics Associated with the Availability of Alcohol Outlets in Quebec, Canada Journal of Addiction , vol. 2015 . DOI: 10.1155/2015/876582.

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Résumé

Objectives. The objectives of this study were to examine the spatial accessibility to alcohol outlets in Quebec and to assess the association between neighborhood level characteristics and availability of alcohol outlets. Methods. The Tobit Model was used to assess the association between neighborhood level characteristics and the availability of alcohol outlets within 500, 1000, 2000, and 3000 metres, respectively. Results. Alcohol outlets were found to be most available in the two largest metropolitan areas of the province of Quebec (Montréal and Québec City). Within 1000 metres, alcohol outlets are more available in neighbourhoods with the following characteristics: highest concentration of men, least materially deprived highest concentration of persons aged 20 years or more, and location either in a metropolitan area or in a small town. Finally, the number of bars with video lottery terminals increases with the level of social and material deprivation. Conclusion. In Québec, there is no rule governing the location of alcohol outlets. Thus, there is an abundant literature indicating that the regulation of alcohol outlet density could be an effective means of controlling risk attributable to alcohol consumption.

Type de document:
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 25 juill. 2016 15:35
Dernière modification: 25 juill. 2016 15:35
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4425

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