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Identification of hydrological neighborhoods for regional flood frequency analysis using statistical depth function.

Wazneh, Hussein; Chebana, Fateh; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J. (2016). Identification of hydrological neighborhoods for regional flood frequency analysis using statistical depth function. Advances in Water Resources , vol. 94 . p. 251-263. DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.05.013.

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Résumé

The adoption of hydrological neighborhoods is one of the common approaches employed for the delineation step in regional frequency analysis (RFA). Traditional methods proposed for building hydrological neighborhoods are mainly based on distance metrics. These methods have some limitations. They are not robust against outliers, they are not affine invariant and they require site characteristics to be normally distributed. To overcome these limitations, the present paper aims to propose a new robust method to identify the neighborhood of a target site. The proposed method is based on the statistical notion of depth function. More precisely, a similarity measure derived from depth functions is used to compute the similarities between the target sites and the gauged ones. A data set from the southern part of the province of Quebec (Canada) is used to compare the proposed method with traditional ones. The obtained results indicate that the depth-based method leads to neighborhoods that are more homogeneous and more efficient for quantile estimation, than those obtained by traditional methods. The triangular shape of neighborhoods obtained by the proposed approach makes it practical and flexible.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: ungauged basin; neighborhood; target site; regional frequency analysis; statistical depth function; canonical correlation analysis; region of influence
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 20 déc. 2016 16:56
Dernière modification: 20 déc. 2016 16:56
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/4358

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