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Toxicity of chlortetracycline and its metal complexes to model microorganisms in wastewater sludge.

Pulicharla, Rama; Das, Ratul Kumar; Brar, Satinder Kaur; Drogui, Patrick; Sarma, Saurabh Jyoti; Verma, Mausam P.; Surampalli, Rao Y.; Valéro, José R. (2015). Toxicity of chlortetracycline and its metal complexes to model microorganisms in wastewater sludge. Science of The Total Environment , vol. 532 . p. 669-675. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.05.140.

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Résumé

Complexation of antibiotics with metals is a well-known phenomenon. Wastewater treatment plants contain metals and antibiotics, thus it is essential to know the effect of these complexes on toxicity towards microorganisms, typically present in secondary treatment processes. In this study, stability constants and toxicity of chlortetracycline (CTC) and metal (Ca, Mg, Cu and Cr) complexes were investigated. The calculated stability constants of CTC–metal complexes followed the order: Mg–CTC > Ca–CTC > Cu–CTC > Cr–CTC. Gram positive Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and Gram negative Enterobacter aerogenes (Ea) bacteria were used as model microorganisms to evaluate the toxicity of CTC and its metal complexes. CTC–metal complexes were more toxic than the CTC itself for Bt whereas for Ea, CTC and its metal complexes showed similar toxicity. In contrast, CTC spiked wastewater sludge (WWS) did not show any toxic effect compared to synthetic sewage. This study provides evidence that CTC and its metal complexes are toxic to bacteria when they are biologically available. As for WWS, CTC was adsorbed to solid part and was not biologically available to show measurable toxic effects.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: bacteria; chlortetracycline; metal complexation; toxicity; wastewater sludge
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 23 avr. 2018 18:29
Dernière modification: 23 avr. 2018 18:29
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3917

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