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Using Sulfur Stable Isotopes to Understand Feeding Behavior and Selenium Concentrations in Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens).

Ponton, Dominic; Hare, Landis (2015). Using Sulfur Stable Isotopes to Understand Feeding Behavior and Selenium Concentrations in Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens). Environmental Science & Technology , vol. 49 , nº 13. p. 7633-7640. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b00718.

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Résumé

We measured selenium (Se) concentrations in yellow perch (Perca flavescens) muscle and their prey collected from four Se-contaminated lakes located near metal smelters in the eastern Canadian cities of Sudbury and Rouyn-Noranda. Yellow perch Se concentrations were related to their weight in two of the four lakes. Measurements of sulfur stable isotopes (δ³⁴S) in yellow perch muscle and stomach contents showed that larger fish tended to feed less on zooplankton and more on benthic invertebrates than did smaller fish. Because Se concentrations are lower and δ³⁴S signatures are higher in zooplankton than in sediment-feeding invertebrates, there was an inverse relationship between animal Se concentrations and δ³⁴S signatures in all of our study lakes. δ³⁴S signatures were highly effective in characterizing these food web relationships. Selenium concentrations in yellow perch were 1.6 times those of its prey, which indicates that Se is biomagnified by this fish in our study lakes. Estimated Se concentrations in yellow perch gonads suggest that in two of our study lakes a third of fish are at risk of reproductive toxicity.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: animals; fish; isotopes; lakes; muscle; risk perception; selenium; sulfur
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 23 avr. 2018 18:25
Dernière modification: 23 avr. 2018 18:25
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3914

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