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Global spread of hypoxia in freshwater ecosystems during the last three centuries is caused by rising local human pressure.

Jenny, Jean-Philippe; Francus, Pierre; Normandeau, Alexandre; Lapointe, François; Perga, Marie-Elodie; Ojala, Antti E. K.; Schimmelmann, Arndt; Zolitschka, Bernd (2016). Global spread of hypoxia in freshwater ecosystems during the last three centuries is caused by rising local human pressure. Global Change Biology , vol. 22 , nº 4. p. 1481-1489. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13193.

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Résumé

The spread of hypoxia is a threat to aquatic ecosystem functions and services as well as to biodiversity. However, sparse long-term monitoring of lake ecosystems has prevented reconstruction of global hypoxia dynamics while inhibiting investigations into its causes and assessing the resilience capacity of these systems. This study compiles the onset and duration of hypoxia recorded in sediments of 365 lakes worldwide since AD 1700, showing that lacustrine hypoxia started spreading before AD 1900, 70 years prior to hypoxia in coastal zones. This study also shows that the increase of human activities and nutrient release is leading to hypoxia onset. No correlations were found with changes in precipitation or temperature. There is no evidence for a post-1980s return to well-oxygenated lacustrine conditions in industrialized countries despite the implementation of restoration programs. The apparent establishment of stable hypoxic conditions prior to AD 1900 highlights the challenges of a growing nutrient demand, accompanied by increasing global nutrient emissions of our industrialized societies, and climate change.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: lake ecosystem; anoxic conditions; global change; aquatic transition; local human pressure; varved sediment
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 20 déc. 2016 15:02
Dernière modification: 20 déc. 2016 15:02
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3866

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