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Integrating isolated and riparian wetland modules in the PHYSITEL/HYDROTEL modelling platform: model performance and diagnosis.

Fossey, Maxime; Rousseau, Alain N.; Bensalma, Fatima; Savary, Stéphane; Royer, Alain (2015). Integrating isolated and riparian wetland modules in the PHYSITEL/HYDROTEL modelling platform: model performance and diagnosis. Hydrological Processes , vol. 29 , nº 22. p. 4683-4702. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10534.

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Résumé

Mathematical modelling is a well-accepted framework to evaluate the effects of wetlands on stream flow and watershed hydrology in general. Although the integration of wetland modules into a distributed hydrological model represents a cost-effective way to make this assessment, the added value brought by landscape-specific modules to a model's ability to replicate basic hydrograph characteristics remains unclear. The objectives of this paper were to: (i) present the adaptation of PHYSITEL (a GIS) to parameterize isolated and riparian wetlands; (ii) describe the integration of specific isolated wetland and riparian wetland modules into HYDROTEL, a distributed hydrological model; and (iii) evaluate the performance of the updated modelling platform with respect to the capacity of replicating various hydrograph characteristics. To achieve this, two sets of simulations were performed (with and without wetland modules) and the added-value was assessed at three river segments of the Becancour River watershed, Quebec, Canada, using six general goodness-of-fit indicators (GOFIs) and fourteen water flow criteria (WFC). A sensitivity analysis of the wetland module parameters was performed to characterize their impact on stream flows of the modelled watershed. Results of this study indicate that: (i) integration of specific wetland modules can slightly increase the capacity of HYDROTEL to replicate basic hydrograph characteristics and (ii) the updated modelling platform allows for the explicit assessment of the impact of wetlands (e.g., typology, location) on watershed hydrology.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: HYDROTEL; PHYSITEL; wetlands; extension module; sensitivity analysis; model evaluation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 20 avr. 2018 19:43
Dernière modification: 20 avr. 2018 19:43
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3848

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