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An adaptation index to high summer heat associated with adverse health impacts in deprived neighborhoods.

Bélanger, Diane; Abdous, Belkacem; Gosselin, Pierre; Valois, Pierre (2015). An adaptation index to high summer heat associated with adverse health impacts in deprived neighborhoods. Climatic Change , vol. 132 . p. 279-293. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-015-1420-4.

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Résumé

Socially and materially disadvantaged urban areas present a group of factors strongly correlated with high heat and humidity adverse health effects, particularly in densely populated cities where the heat island effect extends over large areas. This paper presents an adaptation index to high summer heat whose validity was tested by correlating it with self-reported adverse health impacts to heat. The data comes from a 2011 cross-sectional study conducted in the most deprived areas in 9 cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants in Quebec (Canada). In total, 3,485 people were interviewed at home. An index of various behavioral adaptations was developed using a Multiple Correspondence Analysis. This individual-level adaptation index summarizes a range of 14 easy-to-use and energy-efficient solutions for cooling off or protecting oneself against the sun, both at home and in other places, whether indoors or out. In addition, it shows that adaptation to heat goes beyond air conditioning in the home. People who experience adverse effects of heat on their health tend to adopt more of the behaviors measured by the index than those perceiving little or none, regardless of their age group or presence of air conditioning at home. Monitoring and improving this index over time and in several populations and contexts would establish a significant milestone for adaptation in health promotion and prevention.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: sponge; health belief model; multiple correspondence analysis; adaptation index; total inertia
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 19 avr. 2018 18:20
Dernière modification: 19 avr. 2018 18:20
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3803

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