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Long-term projections of temperature, precipitation and soil moisture using non-stationary oscillation processes over the UAE region.

Basha, Ghouse; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Marpu, Prashanth R. (2015). Long-term projections of temperature, precipitation and soil moisture using non-stationary oscillation processes over the UAE region. International Journal of Climatology , vol. 35 , nº 15. p. 4606-4618. DOI: 10.1002/joc.4310.

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Résumé

This study discusses the evolution of temperature, precipitation and soil moisture patterns over the United Arab Emirates (UAE) region, which is characterized by hot climate and scarce precipitation. A stochastic model that reproduces non-stationary oscillation (NSO) processes by utilizing ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) and non-parametric techniques is used to predict the evolution of temperature, precipitation and soil moisture. The long-term gridded temperature, precipitation and soil moisture data from the Global Historic Climatic Network, Global Precipitation Climatology Center and Climate Prediction Center are used in this study. The data consists of 65 years of average monthly temperature and soil moisture measurements and 110 years of average monthly precipitation over the UAE. The last 20 years of observations of temperature, precipitation and soil moisture are reserved for the validation of the methodology and the rest of the data is used for prediction. The results show that future long-term patterns are well captured by the model and hence confirm the potential of the EEMD technique and the NSO resampling (NSOR) modelling process. The model is also used for forecasting the evolution of temperature, precipitation and soil moisture patterns for the next 30 years. This procedure is finally used to produce the spatial patterns of temperature, precipitation and soil moisture. Significant increase in temperature and decrease in precipitation and soil moisture are observed particularly over Abu Dhabi. The spatial map shows strong increase (decrease) in temperature (precipitation and soil moisture) over most of the UAE. The results are quite different for the south eastern part of the UAE. Western parts of the UAE are projected to see larger temperature increases than other parts. The results are coherent with the previous findings over this region.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: temperature; precipitation; prediction; UAE; EEMD; NSOR
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 18 avr. 2018 20:25
Dernière modification: 18 avr. 2018 20:25
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3800

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