Dépôt numérique
RECHERCHER

An extended riparian buffer strip concept for soil conservation and stream protection in an agricultural riverine area of the La Chevrotière River watershed, Québec, Canada, using remote sensing and GIS techniques.

Nigel, Rody; Chokmani, Karem; Novoa, Julio; Rousseau, Alain N.; El Alem, Anas (2014). An extended riparian buffer strip concept for soil conservation and stream protection in an agricultural riverine area of the La Chevrotière River watershed, Québec, Canada, using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Canadian Water Resources Journal / Revue canadienne des ressources hydriques , vol. 39 , nº 3. p. 285-301. DOI: 10.1080/07011784.2014.942572.

Ce document n'est pas hébergé sur EspaceINRS.

Résumé

The implementation of riparian buffer strips in agricultural areas is regarded as a means to protect watercourses against runoff water carrying sediments and contaminants. In the field, riparian buffers are usually dimensioned to meet the minimum width required by policies and regulations. In the case of the province of Québec, Canada, regulation stipulates a width of 1-3 m in agricultural watersheds. However, such small riparian strips offer little protection, especially during the spring-snowmelt period when the soil is saturated, infiltration is low, vegetative cover is poor and soil erosion and runoff are the dominant hydrological processes. In this study, high-resolution, remote sensing, raster-based information is used to evaluate an extended riparian buffer strip concept with variable widths of 5-120 m to assess soil erosion and to convert agricultural riverine areas into soil and water conservation areas. For a studied watershed of 108 km² in Québec, this would enable reducing soil erosion in riverine areas from 361 to 1.0 t year⁻¹ (1.9 to 0.005 t ha⁻¹ year⁻¹), and thereby reducing soil erosion at the watershed scale by 40% (calculated with the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation, RUSLE). The extended riparian buffer strip concept would require the conversion of 7% of the 29 km² of agricultural land.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: agricultural runoff; agriculture; erosion; remote sensing; sediment transport; soils; water conservation; watersheds
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 18 avr. 2018 13:40
Dernière modification: 18 avr. 2018 13:40
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3776

Actions (Identification requise)

Modifier la notice Modifier la notice