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Health impacts of the July 2010 heat wave in Québec, Canada.

Bustinza, Ray; Lebel, Germain; Gosselin, Pierre; Bélanger, Diane; Chebana, Fateh (2013). Health impacts of the July 2010 heat wave in Québec, Canada. BMC Public Health , vol. 13 , nº 1. p. 56. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-56.

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Résumé

Background

One of the consequences of climate change is the increased frequency and intensity of heat waves which can cause serious health impacts. In Québec, July 2010 was marked by an unprecedented heat wave in recent history. The purpose of this study is to estimate certain health impacts of this heat wave.

Methods

The crude daily death and emergency department admission rates during the heat wave were analyzed in relation to comparison periods using 95% confidence intervals.

Results

During the heat wave, the crude daily rates showed a significant increase of 33% for deaths and 4% for emergency department admissions in relation to comparison periods. No displacement of mortality was observed over a 60-day horizon.

Conclusions

The all-cause death indicator seems to be sufficiently sensitive and specific for surveillance of exceedences of critical temperature thresholds, which makes it useful for a heat health-watch system. Many public health actions combined with the increased use of air conditioning in recent decades have contributed to a marked reduction in mortality during heat waves. However, an important residual risk remains, which needs to be more vigorously addressed by public health authorities in light of the expected increase in the frequency and severity of heat waves and the aging of the population.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: heat wave; public health authority; crude rate; comparison period; emergency department admission
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 avr. 2018 18:28
Dernière modification: 09 avr. 2018 18:28
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3718

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