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Recovery of residual soluble protein by two-step precipitation process with concomitant COD reduction from the yeast-cultivated cheese whey.

Yadav, Jay Shankar Singh; Yan, Song; More, Tanaji; Tyagi, Rajeshwar Dayal; Surampalli, Rao Y. (2014). Recovery of residual soluble protein by two-step precipitation process with concomitant COD reduction from the yeast-cultivated cheese whey. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering , vol. 37 , nº 9. p. 1825-1837. DOI: 10.1007/s00449-014-1155-z.

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Résumé

The present study was conducted to recover the residual soluble protein after cultivation of yeast (K. marxianus) in cheese whey. Cheese whey continuous fermentation with cell recycle system was carried out at 40 °C and pH 3.5. The yeast biomass was separated from the fermented broth by centrifugation and residual soluble protein from fermented whey supernatant was precipitated by heat treatment (at 100 °C, pH 4.5 and 10 min incubation). The maximum soluble protein recovery up to 53 % was achieved at pH 4.5 with 54 % residual COD removal. However, gravity sedimentable precipitates were obtained at pH 3.5 with 47 % protein recovery. Therefore, the reactor (scale up) study was conducted at pH 3.5 with agitation, which resulted in 68 % of residual soluble protein recovery and simultaneously residual COD removal of 62 %. Further precipitation/coagulation of soluble protein was also evaluated using carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and then two precipitation (thermal followed by CMC precipitation) processes were combined to increase the protein precipitation, which finally reached up to 81 % of total soluble protein recovery from the supernatant. This optimized process could be applied to recover the residual protein left after fermentation of cheese whey without centrifugation.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: carboxymethylcellulose; COD; fermentation; recovery; thermal precipitation; whey protein
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 avr. 2018 18:32
Dernière modification: 11 avr. 2018 18:32
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3696

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