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Tracking basement cross-strike discontinuities in the Indian crust beneath the Himalayan orogen using gravity data - relationship to upper crustal faults.

Godin, Laurent; Harris, Lyal B. (2014). Tracking basement cross-strike discontinuities in the Indian crust beneath the Himalayan orogen using gravity data - relationship to upper crustal faults. Geophysical Journal International , vol. 198 , nº 1. p. 198-215. DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggu131.

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Résumé

The Himalaya is the result of the on-going convergence and collision of India and Asia. The internal configuration and processes that govern the rise of the Himalayan Mountains and Tibetan Plateau are crucial to understand continental collision zones. However, knowledge of the prior configuration of the colliding plates is equally important, since inherited (pre-orogenic/basement) structures can undeniably influence the development of the orogenic architecture throughout the orogen's cycle of collision and eventual collapse. Three northeast-trending palaeotopographic ridges of faulted Precambrian Indian basement underlie the Ganga basin south of the Himalaya. Our paper illustrates a crustal-scale fault origin for these ridges and succeeds in determining how far north beneath the Himalayan system they extend and how they ultimately govern the location of upper crustal faults in southern Tibet. Spectrally filtered EGM2008 Bouguer gravity data and edges in its horizontal gradient at different source depths ('gravity worms') over northern Peninsular India, the Himalaya and southern Tibet reveal several continuous Himalayan cross-strike discontinuities interpreted to represent crustal faults. Gravity lineaments in Peninsular India coincide with edges of the Precambrian basement ridges and megakinks up to 100 km wide develop in foreland cover sequences between the interpreted basement faults. The interpreted basement faults project northward beneath the Himalayan system and southern Tibet. Our results suggest that several active Himalayan cross-strike faults, such as the ones related to many graben in southern Tibet, are rooted in the underplated Indian lower crust or step en echelon along interpreted basement faults. Our interpretation thus suggests that south Tibet graben are spatially related to deep-seated crustal-scale faults rooted in the underplated Indian crust. These major discontinuities partition the Himalayan range into distinct zones, and could ultimately contribute to lateral variability in tectonic evolution along the orogen's strike.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: gravity anomalies and Earth structure; intra-plate processes; continental margins: convergent; fractures and faults; crustal structure; Asia
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 31 août 2017 20:36
Dernière modification: 31 août 2017 20:36
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3590

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