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Facile fabrication and characterization of chitosan-based zinc oxide nanoparticles and evaluation of their antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity.

Dhillon, Gurpreet Singh; Kaur, Surinder; Brar, Satinder Kaur (2014). Facile fabrication and characterization of chitosan-based zinc oxide nanoparticles and evaluation of their antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity. International Nano Letters , vol. 4 . p. 107. DOI: 10.1007/s40089-014-0107-6.

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Résumé

The present investigation deals with the facile synthesis and characterization of chitosan (CTS)-based zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) and their antimicrobial activities against pathogenic microorganisms. ZnO–CTS NPs were synthesized through two different methods: nano spray drying and precipitation, using various organic compounds (citric acid, glycerol, starch and whey powder) as stabilizers. Both the synthesis methods were simple and were devoid of any chemical usage. The detailed characterization of the NPs was carried out using UV–Vis spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering particle size analysis, zeta potential measurements and scanning electron microscopy, which confirmed the fabrication of NPs with different shapes and sizes. Antimicrobial assay of synthesized ZnO–CTS NPs was carried out against different pathogenic microbial strains (Candida albicans, Micrococcus luteus and Staphylococcus aureus). The significant (p < 0.05) inhibition of growth was observed for both M. luteus and S. aureus with ZnO–CTS NPs (with a concentration ranging from 0.625 to 0.156 mg/ml) as compared to control treatment. ZnO–CTS NPs also showed significant biofilm inhibition activity (p < 0.05) against M. luteus and S. aureus. The study demonstrated the potential of ZnO–CTS NPs as antimicrobial and antibiofilm agents.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: antimicrobial; antibiofilm; chitosan; nanoparticles; nano spray dryer; precipitation method; zinc oxide
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 août 2017 18:51
Dernière modification: 29 août 2017 18:51
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3570

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