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Hydrogen production from meat processing and restaurant waste derived crude glycerol by anaerobic fermentation and utilization of the spent broth.

Sarma, Saurabh Jyoti; Brar, Satinder Kaur; Le Bihan, Yann Vai; Buelna, Gerardo; Soccol, Carlos Ricardo (2013). Hydrogen production from meat processing and restaurant waste derived crude glycerol by anaerobic fermentation and utilization of the spent broth. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology , vol. 88 , nº 12. p. 2264-2271. DOI: 10.1002/jctb.4099.

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Résumé

BACKGROUND: Crude glycerol (CG), the major by-product of the biodiesel production process, could be used for biohydrogen production. However, fermentative hydrogen production is limited by the cost of buffer and additional nutrients required for the process. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to determine maximum H2 production potential of CG in the absence of any additional expensive supplement. Another objective was sustainable utilization of the waste from the H2 production process. RESULTS: A maximum production of 2022.5 mL H2 L-1 media was achieved by CG bioconversion (without any additional nutrient) and 10 g L-1 CG was found to be optimum. Further, the addition of spent biomass (50 mg L-1) from the process into a subsequent process was found to improve production by 32.5% with a maximum rate of 1040 mL L-1 day-1. Similarly, nearly 75% of total H2 was produced at a pH as low as 3.8, indicating high acid tolerance of the strain (Enterobacter aerogenes NRRL B407) used. CONCLUSION: Meat processing and restaurant waste based CG has been characterized and evaluated for maximum H2 production potential. Utilization of spent biomass from the CG bioconversion process (as supplement) was found to improve process performance.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: biodiesel; crude glycerol; hydrogen production; pH; spent broth
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 06 déc. 2016 21:46
Dernière modification: 21 déc. 2016 14:17
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3508

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