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Post-Outbreak Investigation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Faucet Contamination by Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction and Environmental Factors Affecting Positivity

Bédard, Émilie; Laferrière, Céline; Charron, Dominique; Lalancette, Cindy; Renaud, Christian; Desmarais, Nadia; Déziel, Éric; Prévost, Michèle (2015). Post-Outbreak Investigation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Faucet Contamination by Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction and Environmental Factors Affecting Positivity Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology , vol. 36 , nº 11. 1337 -43.. DOI: 10.1017/ice.2015.168.

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Résumé

OBJECTIVE To perform a post-outbreak prospective study of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa contamination at the faucets (water, aerator and drain) by culture and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and to assess environmental factors influencing occurrence SETTING A 450-bed pediatric university hospital in Montreal, Canada METHODS Water, aerator swab, and drain swab samples were collected from faucets and analyzed by culture and qPCR for the post-outbreak investigation. Water microbial and physicochemical parameters were measured, and a detailed characterization of the sink environmental and design parameters was performed. RESULTS The outbreak genotyping investigation identified drains and aerators as the source of infection. The implementation of corrective measures was effective, but post-outbreak sampling using qPCR revealed 50% positivity for P. aeruginosa remaining in the water compared with 7% by culture. P. aeruginosa was recovered in the water, the aerator, and the drain in 21% of sinks. Drain alignment vs the faucet and water microbial quality were significant factors associated with water positivity, whereas P. aeruginosa load in the water was an average of 2 log higher for faucets with a positive aerator. CONCLUSIONS P. aeruginosa contamination in various components of sink environments was still detected several years after the resolution of an outbreak in a pediatric university hospital. Although contamination is often not detectable in water samples by culture, P. aeruginosa is present and can recover its culturability under favorable conditions. The importance of having clear maintenance protocols for water systems, including the drainage components, is highlighted. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;00(0):1-7.

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Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 21 déc. 2015 21:32
Dernière modification: 11 janv. 2017 19:11
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3148

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