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The Stringent Response Modulates 4-Hydroxy-2-Alkylquinoline Biosynthesis and Quorum-Sensing Hierarchy in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Schafhauser, James; Lépine, François; McKay, Geoffrey; Ahlgren, Heather G; Khakimova, Malika; Nguyen, Dao (2014). The Stringent Response Modulates 4-Hydroxy-2-Alkylquinoline Biosynthesis and Quorum-Sensing Hierarchy in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Journal of Bacteriology , vol. 196 , nº 9. p. 1641-50. DOI: 10.1128/JB.01086-13.

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Résumé

As a ubiquitous environmental organism and an important human pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa readily adapts and responds to a wide range of conditions and habitats. The intricate regulatory networks that link quorum sensing and other global regulators allow P. aeruginosa to coordinate its gene expression and cell signaling in response to different growth conditions and stressors. Upon nutrient transitions and starvation, as well as other environmental stresses, the stringent response is activated, mediated by the signal (p)ppGpp. P. aeruginosa produces a family of molecules called HAQ (4-hydroxy-2-alkylquinolines), some of which exhibit antibacterial and quorum-sensing signaling functions and regulate virulence genes. In this study, we report that (p)ppGpp negatively regulates HAQ biosynthesis: in a (p)ppGpp-null (DeltaSR) mutant, HHQ (4-hydroxyl-2-heptylquinoline) and PQS (3,4-dihydroxy-2-heptylquinoline) levels are increased due to upregulated pqsA and pqsR expression and reduced repression by the rhl system. We also found that (p)ppGpp is required for full expression of both rhl and las AHL (acyl-homoserine lactone) quorum-sensing systems, since the DeltaSR mutant has reduced rhlI, rhlR, lasI, and lasR expression, butanoyl-homoserine lactone (C4-HSL) and 3-oxo-dodecanoyl-homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C12-HSL) levels, and rhamnolipid and elastase production. Furthermore, (p)ppGpp significantly modulates the AHL and PQS quorum-sensing hierarchy, as the las system no longer has a dominant effect on HAQ biosynthesis when the stringent response is inactivated.

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Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 23 mars 2016 19:33
Dernière modification: 23 mars 2016 19:33
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3109

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