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Cortical-layer-specific effects of PACAP and tPA on interneuron migration during post-natal development of the cerebellum

Raoult, Emilie; Bénard, Magalie; Komuro, Hitoshi; Lebon, Alexis; Vivien, Denis; Fournier, Alain; Vaudry, Hubert; Vaudry, David.; Galas, Ludovic (2014). Cortical-layer-specific effects of PACAP and tPA on interneuron migration during post-natal development of the cerebellum Journal of Neurochemistry , vol. 130 , nº 2. p. 241-254. DOI: 10.1111/jnc.12714.

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Résumé

During early post-natal development of the cerebellum, granule neurons (GN) execute a centripetal migration toward the internal granular layer, whereas basket and stellate cells (B/SC) migrate centrifugally to reach their final position in the molecular layer (ML). We have previously shown that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) stimulates in vitro the expression and release of the serine protease tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) from GN, but the coordinated role of PACAP and tPA during interneuron migration has not yet been investigated. Here, we show that endogenous PACAP is responsible for the transient arrest phase of GN at the level of the Purkinje cell layer (PCL) but has no effect on B/SC. tPA is devoid of direct effect on GN motility in vitro, although it is widely distributed along interneuron migratory routes in the ML, PCL, and internal granular layer. Interestingly, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 reduces the migration speed of GN in the ML and PCL, and that of B/SC in the ML. Taken together, these results reveal for the first time that tPA facilitates the migration of both GN and fast B/SC at the level of their intersection in the ML through degradation of the extracellular matrix. © 2014 International Society for Neurochemistry.

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Mots-clés libres: basket and stellate cells cerebellum granule neurons interneuron migration PACAP tPA
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 19 juin 2017 20:37
Dernière modification: 19 juin 2017 20:37
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3097

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