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Radiosensitization of Aspergillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenum using basil essential oil and ionizing radiation for food decontamination

Hossain, Farah; Follett, Peter; Vu, Khanh Dang; Salmieri, Stéphane; Senoussi, Chaabane; Lacroix, Monique (2014). Radiosensitization of Aspergillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenum using basil essential oil and ionizing radiation for food decontamination Food Control , vol. 45 . p. 156-162. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2014.04.022.

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Résumé

Stored products may be contaminated by pathogenic fungi such as Fusarium, Aspergillus and Penicillum. Fumigation with plant essential oil (EO) and irradiation treatment are options to control spoilage organisms. Basil essential oil and irradiation were tested alone and in combination for their antifungal effects in rice. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of basil EO was found to be 0.1% (v/v) against Aspergillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenum after 48 h. Radiosensitization of A. niger and P. chrysogenum in presence of 1% or 2% (v/v) basil EO was evaluated in vitro and in situ. At 1 and 2% of basil EO, the in vitro D10 value was 0.43 and 0.31 kGy respectively for A. niger and 0.44 and 0.34 kGy respectively for P. chrysogenum. In inoculated rice, D10 values for controls (sample without EO) were 0.67 and 0.63 kGy for A. niger and P. chrysogenum respectively, and the values were decreased at higher EO concentrations. For A. niger, a 2% (v/wt) basil EO alone caused a 0.42 to 1.18 log reduction on days 1 and 14 respectively, whereas treatment with 2 kGy radiation alone caused a 2.18 log reduction. The combined treatments resulted in a 4.6 log reduction of A. niger after 14 days of storage. For P. chrysogenum, 2% basil EO alone caused a 0.76 and a 1.12 log reduction on days 1 and 14 respectively, whereas a 2 kGy radiation dose caused a 2.41 log reduction. The combined treatments resulted in a 5.0 log reduction of P. chrysogenum after 14 days of storage. The findings demonstrated the potential of basil EO as antifungal agent and its efficacy to increase the radiosensitivity of A. niger and P. chrysogenum during irradiation treatment.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: Aspergillus niger; Penicillium chrysogenum; Basil EO; Ionizing radiation; Relative sensitivity
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 22 juin 2017 01:33
Dernière modification: 22 juin 2017 01:33
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3052

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