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Debris jets in continental phreatomagmatic volcanoes: a field study of their subterranean deposits in the Coombs Hills vent complex, Antarctica

Ross, Pierre-Simon; White, James D. L. (2006). Debris jets in continental phreatomagmatic volcanoes: a field study of their subterranean deposits in the Coombs Hills vent complex, Antarctica Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , vol. 149 , nº 1-2. p. 62-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2005.06.007.

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Résumé

The Ferrar large igneous province of Antarctica contains significant mafic volcaniclastic deposits, some of which are interpreted to fill large vent complexes. Such a complex was re-examined at Coombs Hills to map individual steep-sided cross-cutting bodies in detail, and we found several contrasting types, two of which are interpreted to have filled subterranean passageways forcefully opened from below into existing, non-consolidated debris. These transient conduits were opened because of the propagation of debris jets – upward-moving streams of volcaniclastic debris, steam, magmatic gases +/- liquid water droplets – following explosive magma-aquifer interaction. Some debris jets probably remained wholly subterranean, whereas other made it to the surface, but the studied outcrops do not allow us to differentiate between these cases. The pipes filled with country rock-rich lapilli-tuff or tuff-breccia are interpreted to have formed following phreatomagmatic explosions occurring near the walls or floor of the vent complex, causing fragmentation of both magma and abundant country rock material. In contrast, some of the cross-cutting zones filled with basalt-rich tuff-breccia or lapilli-tuff could have been generated following explosions taking place within pre-existing basalt-bearing debris, well away from the complex walls or floor. We infer that once focused jets were formed, they did not incorporate significant amounts of existing Mawson debris while travelling through them; instead, incorporation of fragments from the granular host took place near explosion sites. Other basalt-rich tuff-breccia zones,accompanied by domains of in situ peperite and coherent basalt pods, are inferred to have originated by less violent processes.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: debris jets; Coombs Hills; roches basaltiques volcaniclastiques; vent complex; Ferrar; Antarctique
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 17 déc. 2013 22:00
Dernière modification: 11 janv. 2017 20:56
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/1909

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