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Ethnicity and Homeownership in Montréal, Toronto and Vancouver: Measuring Effects of the Spatial Distribution of Ethnic Groups Using Multilevel Modeling in 1996 and 2001

Leloup, Xavier; Apparicio, Philippe; Delavar Esfahani, Fahimeh (2011). Ethnicity and Homeownership in Montréal, Toronto and Vancouver: Measuring Effects of the Spatial Distribution of Ethnic Groups Using Multilevel Modeling in 1996 and 2001 Journal of International Migration and Integration , vol. 12 , nº 4. p. 429-451. DOI: 10.1007/s12134-011-0186-4.

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Résumé

This article presents the results of an empirical study on the relationship between the spatial distribution of ethnic groups and their access to homeownership in the three largest Canadian cities. Firstly, we argue, based on former theoretical work, that ethnicity has partly been misleadingly conceptualized in previous research on housing and neighbourhood dynamics. Consequently, we also argue that ethnic affiliation has wrongly been included as an individual trait in previous research, whereas it is a characteristic that needs to be treated as a collective trait. Multilevel modeling is presented here as a helpful way to avoid the limitation of previous research on this specific issue. Secondly, we attempt to test certain hypotheses about the emergence of an “ethnic capital” in metropolitan regions where immigration and cultural diversity are rising. In order to achieve this goal, we estimate the relationship between various dimensions of ethnic segregation and the mean level of ownership. We also try to determine whether the aggregation of ethnic groups in urban space enhances the probability of their members having access to homeownership. Our study provides mixed results in regards to these hypotheses. The “assimilation theory” seems to be applicable in most cases, while some of our results also lead to the conclusion that when ethnic groups with a higher income level are concentrated in space, this can foster their ability to access homeownership.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: Homeownership; Ethnic group; Canada; Multilevel modeling; Segregation
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 09 oct. 2013 22:17
Dernière modification: 22 oct. 2013 18:40
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/1596

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